Overview of Medicine and its Branches



Medicine is the area of health and healing. This applies to nurses, doctors, and various specialists. This includes diagnosis, treatment and disease prevention, medical research and many other health aspects. Medical sciences; practice the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and the promotion of health. 2. Drug, medicines, treatment and treatment measures, and health promotion measures.

Fields of Medicines

Clinical practices

Clinical Practices

The doctor is a health care worker who works directly in a hospital or other healthcare institution. Nurses, doctors, psychotherapists, and other specialists are physicians. Not all doctors are doctors. Researchers and laboratory specialists are not doctors because they do not work with patients. The doctor assesses the person to diagnose, treat and prevent the disease based on education, research, experience, and clinical evaluation.

Biomedical research

Biomedical research

This field of science aims to prevent and cure diseases that cause illness or death. Biomedical researchers use biotechnology methods to study biological processes and diseases. They try to develop effective treatment and treatment. Biomedical research requires careful experimentation, improvement, and evaluation. Works for biologists, chemists, doctors, pharmacologists, and others.


This area applies to drugs and medicines and their use. Doctors and other health care professionals use medication for medical diagnosis, treatment, treatment and prevention of diseases.



Surgical procedures are needed to diagnose and treat certain diseases, conditions, and injuries. They use instrumental and hand tools rather than drugs. The surgeon may perform surgery to remove or replace damaged tissues or organs or may use surgery to remove the biopsy. Sometimes they remove unwanted tissue and send it to the diagnosis.

Medical devices

Medical Devices

Health care professionals use a wide range of tools to diagnose and treat a disease or condition to prevent deterioration of symptoms, replacing a damaged part, such as a club, path, and the like. Medical devices include both test tubes and advanced scanning devices.

Alternative and complementary medicine

Alternative medications

People use a different option than traditional, such as relaxation techniques that improve headaches rather than painkillers. People add other treatments for basic treatment. For example, they can use both relaxing and pain-relieving medicines for headaches. Alternative and complementary therapies are often based on traditional knowledge and not on scientific evidence or clinical trials. Examples are homeopathy, acupuncture, Ayurveda, natural treatment and traditional Chinese medicine.

Branches of medicine

Branches of Medicine

There are many areas of medicine. Here are a few.


Biochemistry examines chemical components and their effects on the body.


This includes the biological structure of the body and its operation using the mechanical method.


Researchers apply statistics in biological areas. This is important for successful medical research and many areas of medical practice.


physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology are used to model and understand the functioning of biological systems.


It is a branch of pathology that includes microscopic examination of medical and scientific cells.


This section of biology examines the formation of organisms, early growth, and development.


Researchers are studying hormones and their effects on the body.


Researchers monitor the causes, occurrence, and control of diseases.


This is a study of genes and their impact on health and body.


Here we look at the shape of microscopic structures. It is also known as microscopic anatomy.


It is a study of organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye, also called microorganisms. Microbiological aspects include bacteriology, virology, mycology (research of fungi) and parasitology.


Neurologists study the nervous system and the brain and investigate nervous system disorders. Neurological aspects include computer modeling and psychophysiology. Some types of neuroscience are cognitive neuroscience, cellular neurology, and molecular neurology.


Nutritionists investigate how foods and drinks affect health and how to treat, cure and prevent various diseases and conditions.


This is the examination of the disease. The pathologist often works in a laboratory that tests the diagnosis of diseases and disorders, mainly blood, urine or body tissues.


This includes examining the medicines or medicines they come from, how they work, how the body reacts and what it contains.



Radiologists use X-rays and scanning equipment for diagnostic purposes and sometimes for treatment.


Toxicologist examines toxins, what they are, how they affect the body and how they can be detected.

Medical Education

Medical Educationn

Medical education is an education related to the practice of a doctor. or initial medical training (eg medical school and internship) or additional training (eg stay, scholarship and medical education). Medical education and training are very diverse all over the world. Medical education, active areas of education and various teaching methods apply.

Entry-level education

entrylevel education neds

Basic medical education usually takes place. Traditionally, initial medical education has been divided into preclinical and clinical studies. The first consists of basic sciences such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology. The latter includes training in various clinical fields of medicine, such as stationary, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, general medicine, and surgery. However, medical programs use system-based curricula that integrate learning and in different institutions. In the US so far [when?] The requirements for a master’s degree are not even included in human nutrition. Today, this omission has been resolved, at least such a course is needed.

Postgraduate education

Dean at the first medical department at the Charles University in Prague
It can be taught in a specific field of medicine. In the United States, post-training education is called a “scholarship”. In some jurisdictions, this will start immediately after graduating from primary school, and in other jurisdictions, doctors will have to undergo general (unregulated) training before obtaining specialization.

Continuing medical education

continuing medical courses

In most countries, additional courses are required for additional licenses. CME requirements vary from country to country. US accreditation is reviewed by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME). Doctors often attend special lectures, important events, conferences and improvements to meet their needs. In addition, doctors more and more often decide to continue formal education through medical education as a way to further vocational education.

Medical license

Medical License

A medical certificate is a professional license that allows the person to be legally treated. Many countries require a license issued by a recognized professional association or government agency. Licenses are not automatically granted to people with medical qualifications. Qualified doctors should be authorized to practice as a medical doctor as qualified medical personnel. Usually, the process requires a medical specialist. The medical certificate is the documentation regarding the marketing authorization for the medicine at a particular place.

Medical Ethics

medical ethics

Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply the values of clinical medicine and research practice. Medical ethics is based on values that professionals can rely on in case of confusion or conflict. These values include respect for independence, royalty-free license, charity, and justice. These rules allow physicians, carers, and families to develop a treatment plan and pursue the same common goal without conflict. It is important to remember that these four values are not hierarchical, which means that no rule is the “trump card” of the next trump card.

Traditional Medicines

Traditional Medicines

Traditional medicine (also known as local or folk medicine) includes knowledge systems developed before the introduction of modern medicine in different societies. The World Health Organization (WHO), traditional medicine is defined as “knowledge, skills and practice amount based on the theory, beliefs and experience of indigenous cultures, whether it be explained or without, used for health care, such as prevention and diagnosis, physical and disease improvement mental illness or treatment. ”

Definition and terminology

Traditional medicine can sometimes be considered different than folk medicine and includes formal aspects of folk medicine. According to this definition, folk remedies are long-term treatment methods that are transmitted and used by nonsense. Traditional medicine includes methods of healing and -vorstellungen body physiology and health care, some of which are the well-known culture that is passed informally as general knowledge and those who have experience used.

Folk medicine

In many countries, there is a “folk” technique that can co-exist with a formalized scientifically based medical practice and institutional systems that is a traditional remedy. Examples of popular traditions of meditation are traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Korean medicine, local Arabic medicine, traditional Japanese Kampo Uyghur medicine, traditional Aboriginal Bush medicine, and Georgian folk medicine.

Home remedies

One home remedy (sometimes called the grandmother’s factor) is a cure for disease or condition for use with some herbs, vegetables and other ordinary things. Home remedies can have healing properties or not, or cure, because they were usually transferred to a specific disease or condition, lay (which facilitated the recent years of the Internet). Most of them are used only for purposes related to tradition or customs, or because they are effective in the case of placebo. The most popular example of home treatment is, for example, the use of chicken soup to treat respiratory infections. Like cold or mild flu. Other home remedies include self-adhesive tapes to facilitate the insertion of broken bones, and adhesive tape or super adhesive for the treatment of anterior warts; and the ball can cure a sore throat. In the past, mothers had everything but serious remedies. Historical cookbooks often contain solutions for indigestion, fever and women’s diseases. The ingredients of Aloe Vera plants are used to treat skin diseases. Many European alcoholic drinks or digestive products were originally sold as tools. Chinese folk medicine is a medical sugar cream (long-cooked rice soup with herbs), food and soups for treatment.

Final Verdict

Drugs are chemical compounds or compounds used to treat, stop or prevent disease. relieve symptoms or help diagnose illness. Medical advances have allowed doctors to cure many diseases and save lives. Drinking the drug as prescribed or in accordance with treatment is important in the treatment of chronic diseases, taking into account temporary medical conditions as well as general health and well-being in the long-term. “Because your pharmacist is a drug expert, he can help you imagine how to use drugs best

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